There are eight patterns of persian carpets. each pattern has its unique meaning. These meaning gives the Persian carpet its soul.
1. the prayer carpet
The niche on prayer rug has a practical function, facing the direction of Mecca, guiding the believers. Representing the "Arch of Heaven", dark heaven can be reached in daily prayer. At the same time, the niche is also a place that can protect believers, a place that can connect believers with gods. The interior is usually decorated as a "tree of life", or a vase, or a water basin used for baptism, alluding to eternal life, and sometimes the end of the vault hangs the magic lamp of Allah.
2. garden design
3. vines pattern
Arabesque vines pattern, representative of Persian decorative patterns since the sixteenth century. It originated from ancient times and is a pointed flower with many varied applications, such as fans, artichokes, flower buds, grape leaves, etc. Arab vines are very common in Islamic art and are representative decorative elements. Its continuous rhythm and endless repetition. Promoted meditation, and the abstract form resisted excessive temptation of worship. At the same time, the vine flower ornament has no head and tail, expressing that the spirit is boundless, just like a magical tent, it continuously hides while revealing that the spirit exceeds its own scale.
In the seventeenth century, a very detailed and very rich Arab vine species was born in Persia. In order to commemorate the rulers of Persia during that time, it was called Shah Abbas. The image of palm leaf originated from the lotus flower. It appeared in the graphic records of ancient Egypt. Since the king of Greece Alexander expedition to the east, the western countries have been influenced by the Buddhist culture of the east. They have developed many Buddhist art concepts and patterns, palm leaf patterns. It is one of them and has become the most widely used pattern in Persian carpets.
4. hunting design
Hunting design, in the east, hunting is a very noble sport of the ruler, it is human dexterity and strength. It is a symbol of bravery and control of nature. At the same time, it also has the meaning associated with heaven and has become an important Spiritual representative. In the hunting blanket, armed rulers cavalry, loot, vines and flowers covered the entire central area. This rug was created in the Persian court of the Safavid era and produced in the palace factory of Isfahan. In the process of creating these carpets, artists sometimes inscribed inscriptions. These inscriptions were mainly from miniature paintings and literary works of the same era. They are descriptions of the luxurious life of the palace and symbolize paradise.
the other four designs will be introduction in the following artiles.