What is a Persian carpet and why are Persian carpets so expensive?

- Feb 22, 2021-

What is a Persian carpet and why are Persian carpets so expensive?

Persian carpets come from the ancient and mysterious cultural country in the Middle East. They have been well-known in the world since ancient times. They are loved by the world for their fine texture, simple and elegant patterns and exquisite craftsmanship. However, to buy your favorite Persian rugs, you need to understand the cultural connotation of Persian rugs carefully.

handmade rugs (1)


According to research, the history of weaving and production of Persian carpets has been 2500 years. The weaving materials are mostly made of pure wool, cotton silk or cotton thread, with beautiful patterns and exquisite craftsmanship. There are also some Persian carpets that use gold and silver threads. In the early years, it was given as a gift to European dignitaries. In the West, Persian carpets are called art on the ground.


A major feature of Persian carpets is that the dyes are extracted from natural plants and minerals, and the dyeing will not fade for a long time. Therefore, you will see Persian carpets that are 100 or more years old, and they are still bright and radiant.

Dyes derived from plant roots, stems, and skins are used, such as light yellow from pomegranate peel and ochre from walnut peel. Red is often dyed with a small black insect and does not contain chemicals harmful to the human body. This modern carpet is completely unattainable.

Color is an important factor that reflects the value of Persian carpets. The more colors are used, the higher the value of the carpet. Up to 250 colors may be used on exhibit-grade carpets. The dyeing process is completely unmatched by woven carpets.


Furthermore, the price of Persian carpets of the same size can reach three or four times the price difference. What is the difference? The difference lies in the material, and the material will affect the degree of detail of the knitting, the required man-hours are different, and the natural price is also very different.

The knitting time of silk carpets is generally twice that of wool knitting, so the value of silk carpets is at least twice that of wool carpets. The price difference also depends on: the material and weave density of the carpet. Generally, silk and silk carpets are more expensive than wool; and the weaving density, 1,000 pieces per inch, is much more expensive than 100 pieces.

Hand-knitting is the most basic requirement for authentic Persian carpets. The technique of weaving Persian carpets needs to be learned from a young age, starting from the age of 7 or 8 and being able to fully master it until the age of marriage. A Persian carpet requires one to two professional weavers, and it takes months or years to complete.

For two carpets of the same size, the wool one took a year to knit, and the silk carpet took more than two years to knit. The price is three times that of wool. Therefore, in terms of use, the owner recommends that silk blankets are suitable for use in the bedroom, and wool blankets can be used in the living room.


The patterns of Persian carpets can be divided into two categories, one is linear geometric patterns; the other is landscape, flower, and animal patterns. These patterns are mostly based on flowers and fruits such as roses, tulips, and Persian pears that Arabs like, or are composed of abstract plants, Islamic characters and geometric patterns.

Noble worth

According to auction records, antique Persian carpets can be sold for millions of dollars, and Afghan handmade carpets can also be sold for hundreds of thousands of dollars. Even contemporary handmade carpets with exquisite patterns and delicate handwork can be sold for 30,000 to 40,000 dollars. Because Persian carpets are 100% natural materials and hand-knitted, no carpet has the same pattern.