Persian carpets are one of the famous handicrafts in Iran. Since ancient times, they have gained international reputation. They are loved by the world with its fine texture, simple and elegant patterns and exquisite craftsmanship. According to research, the history of weaving and production has been at least 2500 years. A major feature of Persian carpets is the extraction of dyes from natural plants and minerals. Dyeing continues for a long period of time and is patterned with abstract plants, Islamic text and geometric patterns.
Manufacturing Material Editing
Persian carpets often incorporate a variety of materials, including wool, cotton, silk, gold, and silver.
Wool is the main raw material for knotting Persian carpets. The cold climate of grazing in the mountains makes the wool fiber soft and slender, and its texture is superior to that of other warm areas. The wool of the lambs from 8 to 14 months is of the highest quality. Such wool is called Cocker. High-quality, multi-junction Persian rugs are usually made from Cocks, which is delicate, smooth and soft. Cotton is usually used as a warp thread material on the back of a carpet. Silk is the smoothest material used in Persian carpets. It makes carpets very soft and highly reflective. Silk is often used as a raw material to emphasize the design and theme of the patterns in the carpet.
Some Persian carpets also use gold and silver. This kind of rug is best known as the Polonie rug. It is called the Polonie rug because it was first exhibited in Poland and is inlaid with the emblem of the Polish royal family. The Polonez rug is a seventeenth-century Persian rug that is said to be a gift to the European nobles in Keshan and Isfahan, woven from silk, gold, and silver.