As early as the western han dynasty (2000 years ago), China has been weaving carpets.The tang dynasty blankets were popular in the eighth century.There was a carpet made of silver thread.In the 17th and 18th centuries, dragon-patterned carpets were used in the imperial palaces, during the heyday of Chinese woven carpets.But few carpets woven before the qing dynasty have been preserved.At the beginning of the 20th century European and American merchants set up factories in tianjin, baotou, Beijing and Qingdao to weave carpets.
After the liberation of China in 1949, the textile carpet industry quickly developed, and a variety of styles of carpet appeared.For example, Beijing style, art style, large style, cutting style, antique style and Persian style.Especially after the introduction of Persian patterns, plus the improvement and innovation of Chinese technologists, Chinese wave silk carpets have been favored by the international market.In the 1980s China became the main production base of Oriental carpets.In 1998, the first 1,000-track tapestry was first woven in zhenping county, henan province.It is one of the finest tapestries in the world and is listed as a guinness world record.
Silk carpets are made of natural silk threads, which are woven by traditional complicated knotting methods.
1. First, draw the diagram on the table and mark the lines with different symbols representing different colors on each coordinate point, so that the weaver can weave according to the diagram.This is a very creative work.The technologist must be confident.The actual woven silk carpet is a reproduction of the original design.In a sense, this is the first
Very important process because the design and the value of the silk carpet is very important.
2. Pull the silk out of the cocoon.Only a third of the silk in a cocoon is available for taping.Combine the filaments into small strands and cook them in boiling water for 30 to 40 minutes to soften them.Use natural vegetable pigments to dye the threads.For example, use indigo, red flower, rubber shell and so on.Generally speaking, a silk carpet needs to use about thirty different colors of silk threads.
3. The meridians will be wound up on a shelf made of two beams and two pillars.The harness will be wound between another bar and the warp.After the base is woven with white silk thread, the hand-knotting can start.
4. Tie the silk thread into double knots (Turkish knots, FIG. 2) or single knots (Persian knots, FIG. 1) by winding the two adjacent meridians.Cut the thread with a knife.When a knot is finished, the filling line passes between the front and the back.Use the comb to break it down so that the knot is firmly attached to the warp.
After months or years of work, a whole hand knotted silk carpet will be cut off from the shelf and the ends of the warp will be braided into tassels to add beauty.Woven silk carpets will be neatly trimmed and rinsed before sale.
A skilled girl can weave a 2ft by 3ft 300 silk rug (90,000 knots per square foot) in six months.In a year and a half, you can weave a 2-by-3-foot 500 (250,000 knots per square foot) silk rug.In two years it will be possible to weave an 800 (640,000 knots per square foot) silk rug;In three years' time, the silk tapestry was woven into a 1.2-by-1.5-foot true tapestry of 1,000 knots per square foot.The fine threads of fine tapestries, such as hair, can even be used as a magnifying glass when weaving high tapestries.Because of the damage to the eyes when weaving, it is difficult for the weaver to weave the second silk carpet.Therefore, silk carpets in high Numbers (especially tapestry is known as soft gold).