The Origin of the Lantern Festival
The Lantern Festival is a traditional Chinese festival, so it is celebrated all over the country. The customs in some areas of Dabai are similar, but each area still has its own characteristics.
Eat Yuanxiao on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month. "Yuanxiao" has a long history as food in our country. In the Song Dynasty, a novel food for the Lantern Festival became popular among the folks. This kind of food was first called "Floating Yuanzi" and later "Yuanxiao", and businessmen also called it "Yuanbao". The Lantern Festival is the "tangyuan" filled with sugar, rose, sesame, red bean paste, cinnamon, walnuts, nuts, jujube puree, etc., wrapped in glutinous rice flour into a round shape, which can be meat or vegetable, and has different flavors. It can be cooked in soup, deep-fried, and steamed, meaning a happy reunion. The glutinous rice balls in Shaanxi are not packaged, but are "rolled" in glutinous rice flour, boiled or deep-fried, and heated up and round.
View the lights
During the Yongping reign of Emperor Ming of the Han Dynasty (58-75 AD), because Emperor Ming advocated Buddhism, Cai Ming came back from India after seeking Buddhism. It was said that on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month in India, the monks gathered to pay homage to Buddha relics. Buddha's auspicious day. In order to promote Buddhism, Emperor Han Ming ordered the fifteenth night of the first lunar month to "burn the lamp and watch the Buddha" in the palace and temple. Since then, the custom of lighting lanterns on the Lantern Festival has spread to the people from the original only held in the palace. That is to say, every fifteenth day of the first lunar month, both the gentry and the common people have to hang up the lights, and the lights in urban and rural areas are brilliant all night.
The custom of lighting lanterns during the Lantern Festival developed into an unprecedented lantern market in the Tang Dynasty. At that time, the capital city of Chang'an was already the world's largest city with a population of one million, and its society was prosperous. Under the emperor’s personal advocacy, the Lantern Festival of Lights became more and more luxurious. After the Mid-Tang Dynasty, it has developed into a national carnival. During the prosperous days of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty (AD 685-762), Chang'an’s lantern market was very large, with 50,000 lamps burning and a wide variety of lanterns. The emperor ordered people to build a giant lantern tower with 20 rooms and a height of 150 feet. The golden light is dazzling and extremely spectacular.
In the Song Dynasty, the Lantern Festival Lantern Festival surpassed the Tang Dynasty in terms of scale and the magical and exquisite lighting, and the activities were more popular and the national characteristics were stronger. In the future, the Lantern Festival will continue to develop, and the Lantern Festival will last longer and longer. The Lantern Festival in the Tang Dynasty was "one day before and after the Shangyuan". In the Song Dynasty, two days were added after the sixteenth. In the Ming Dynasty, it was extended to a full ten days from the eighth to eighteenth.
In the Qing Dynasty, when the Manchus came to dominate the Central Plains, the palace no longer held lantern festivals, but the folk lantern festivals were still spectacular. The date was shortened to five days and continues to this day.