Yuxiang 1.5*5 ft Silk Road Design Handmade Silk Tapestry for Wall Hanging Decoration
The opening of the Silk Road effectively promoted the economic and cultural exchanges between China and the West, and played a positive role in promoting the prosperity of the Han Dynasty. This Silk Road is still an important channel for the exchanges between China and the West. At the moment of industrialization, it completed its mission. It has been replaced by an international railway line of 10,900 kilometers from Lianyungang in the east to Rotterdam in the Netherlands. However, it still has new value that can be developed.
Just like the name of the "Silk Road", on this long road of more than 7,000 kilometers, silk, like the porcelain of the same origin from China, became a symbol of the prosperity and civilization of East Asia at that time. Silk is not only an important luxury consumer product on the Silk Road, but also an effective political tool of Chinese governments in previous dynasties: Chinese friendly envoys often use silk as an effective means of expressing friendship between the two countries when they go to the Western Regions and even further countries. Moreover, the spread of silk to the west has slightly changed the impression of Western countries on China. Because of the high prices of silk and porcelain from the west to Constantinople, many people think that China and even East Asia are a wealthy region with abundant products. Heads of state and nobles once used Chinese silk dyed with Phoenician red and porcelain in their homes as a symbol of their glory. In addition, the lapis lazuli from Afghanistan has also flowed into all parts of Europe and Asia as the caravans progressed. The widespread dissemination of this trade product, which predates silk, in Eurasia has contributed to the promotion of Eurasian trade exchanges. This precious commodity was once a symbol of the wealth of the countries in the Mesopotamia. When the lapis lazuli spread to India, it was enshrined by the Buddhists there as one of the seven Buddhist treasures, adding a long-lasting religious color to the lapis lazuli. The spread of grapes, walnuts, carrots, peppers, red beans, Bocai (also known as Persian cuisine), cucumbers (called courgettes in Han Dynasty), and pomegranates has added more choices to the daily diet of East Asians. The wines from the Western Regions have been integrated into China's traditional wine culture through historical development. Caravans mainly shipped iron, gold, silver, mirrors and other luxury products from China. The shipments to China are rare animals and birds, plants, leather goods, medicinal materials, spices, and jewelry.
The Transmission of Ancient Chinese Technology to the West The oldest known print: the "Diamond Sutra" of the Tang Dynasty was discovered in Dunhuang. Papermaking once made great contributions to the advancement of ancient Chinese science and technology in the world. However, it seems that only some countries in East Asia and South Asia have developed papermaking industries. With the opening of the Silk Road, paper products began to appear in the Western Regions and beyond. People have discovered ancient papers from the 2nd century in the archeology of Loulan Ruins. Although paper is also used in Central Asia, no evidence of the paper industry has been found. Many people believe that the western spread of papermaking has brought about a huge change in Europe and Central Asia, but the initial change was cruel: the Tang Dynasty and the emerging Abbasid dynasty continued to clashed in Central Asia. In the Battle of Tarros, which had a strong influence on the political structure of Central Asia, the Arabs brought Chinese prisoners of war back to Samarkand along the Silk Road. Among these prisoners of war were Chinese artisans who were good at papermaking. In the end, papermaking technology spread to all parts of the world.
The Western Regions are densely covered with deserts, and the prosperity of various countries is often inseparable from water. The melted snow water of the Tianshan and Kunlun Mountains is one of the main water supply sources for the Western Regions. However, collecting this snow water is not easy. The water accumulated at the foot of the mountain after melting will evaporate or seep into the ground in a short time. Since the Han Dynasty sent troops to hoard and develop agriculture in the Western Regions, the kanerjing and well canal techniques that were passed down in the mountains were used in the Western Regions by soldiers who also needed water, and gradually spread to more distant countries. Whether the Karez technology in the Western Regions was introduced into the Western Regions from China or Persia has been a controversial issue. However, the well canal technique and the method of piercing the well proved to be passed from China to the West: Records in the "Historical Records" recorded that the second division general Li Guang attacked Dawan with troops and besieged the city by cutting off water. However, "the Xinde Han in Wancheng knows to pass the well", which made the Dawan people persist for a long time.
Ancient Chinese printing is also one of the techniques that has gradually spread westward along the Silk Road. Woodcut plates and some paper products used for engraving printing have been discovered in Dunhuang, Turpan and other places. Among them, the carved version of the "Diamond Sutra" from the Tang Dynasty is still preserved in Britain. This shows that printing has spread to Central Asia at least in the Tang Dynasty. In the 13th century, many European travelers came to China along the Silk Road and brought this technology back to Europe. In the 15th century, the European Gutenberg used printing to print a "Bible". In 1466, the first printing house appeared in Italy, which made this kind of technology convenient for the spread of culture spread throughout Europe.